WASTE CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
Direct Burning is the oldest known method. The heat obtained by burning waste in incineration systems and the steam obtained in solid waste
fuel boilers are converted into electricity in steam turbines
Pyrolysis is an energy conversion of the material, which is externally heated and decomposed in an oxygen-free environment, of all kinds of waste and other materials containing hydrocarbons. The
pyrolysis gas, which consists predominantly of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and methane, is cleaned and then converted to electricity or liquid fuels by means of gas engines or turbines.
The purpose in the gasification process is to increase the efficiency of CO, H2, CH4. A different form of Pyrolysis , going to higher temperatures. When heating up to 1000 ° C, C reacts with water vapor or oxygen to produce CO and H2. The rise in pressure increases the efficiency of CH4. The rise in temperature increases the yield of CO and H2.